What is the use of caustic soda?
Caustic soda ( sodium hydroxide ) is a versatile alkali. Its main uses are in the manufacture of pulp and paper, alumina, soap and detergents, petroleum products and chemical production . Other applications include water treatment, food, textiles, metal processing, mining, glass making and others.
Why caustic soda is used for cleaning?
Cleaning Agents Caustic Soda is an alkali typically used at 0.5% – 2% volume. It reacts with the fats in the soil and softens it for removal.
Is caustic soda the same as baking soda?
Caustic soda , NaOH, is also called “lye” and is useful as a drain cleaner, making soap, and giving bagels that characteristic surface finish. Baking Soda , NaHCO3, releases Carbon Dioxide, CO2, when heated or exposed to acids.
What is called caustic soda?
Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as caustic soda or lye, is a highly versatile substance used in a variety of manufacturing processes. Sodium hydroxide is a co-product of chlorine production.
Will caustic soda clean my toilet?
Caustic soda is a nasty chemical that can burn, but it’s very effective for unclogging toilets . To use this chemical, you need to get some rubber gloves and eye protection. You can pick the chemical from the local hardware or grocery stores. Pour a ¾ gallon of cold water into a bucket, and add 3 cups of caustic soda .
What can I clean with caustic soda?
Caustic soda main uses include being used as a drain pipe cleaner , unblocks drains, removes built up grease from ovens, used to make soap and detergents.
How do you handle caustic soda?
When handling caustic soda , the following protective equipment is recommended: Wear suitable chemical splash goggles for eye protection during the handling of caustic soda in any concentration. The goggles should be close fitting and provide adequate ventilation to prevent fogging, without allowing entry of liquids.
How do you mix caustic soda with water?
Always dissolve Caustic Soda granules thoroughly before use. Always use cold water (the mixing process generates heat). Use a plastic bucket and stir carefully with a wooden spoon or stick. Always add Caustic Soda to water not water to Caustic Soda .
Can I use caustic soda to clean Aluminium?
Dilute caustic soda will clean them spotlessly, but will leave the surface looking grey. Free caustic will quickly reduce the naturally-occurring oxide on aluminum and immediately start to etch and dissolve it.
Can you mix caustic soda and vinegar?
Caustic Soda and Vinegar The reaction can be violent and may damage the pipes, could release harmful gases or may not work at all because only a small portion of the blockage is exposed to the vinegar .
What happens when you inhale caustic soda?
Breathing sodium hydroxide dust or mist causes mild or serious effects, depending on the amount of exposure. Effects may include sneezing, sore throat or runny nose. Severe inflammation of the lungs can occur. Swallowing sodium hydroxide may cause severe burns in the mouth, throat and stomach.
Can you still buy caustic soda?
Key Takeaways: Caustic Soda Pure caustic soda is sold for making candles or soap. Impure caustic soda is found in drain cleaner. Because lye is used to make illegal drugs, it’s harder to buy large quantities than in the past. However, small containers are available in stores and online.
Is caustic soda good for skin?
Sodium hydroxide is in a ton of beauty products. Sodium Hydroxide is, however, a known irritant… The National Institute for Occupation Safety and Health … recommends that consumers prevent skin and eye contact. The CDC reports that “ Skin contact with sodium hydroxide can cause severe burns with deep ulcerations.
Is caustic soda harmful?
Contact causes severe burns with redness, swelling, pain and blurred vision. Permanent damage including blindness can result. Ingestion: Can burn the lips, tongue, throat and stomach. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps and diarrhea.
Is caustic soda edible?
This process, in the world of chemistry, is known as the Maillard reaction. This baking process neutralizes the lye, making it safe for consumption.